||Group 5 Spitz and
Section 7 Primitive type-Hunting dogs
Without working trial
HISTORICAL SUMMARY: This breed originates in the Balearic Islands of Majorca,
Ibiza, Minorca and Formentera, where it is known by the original name of "Ca
Eivissec". It is also widely found in Catalonia, around Valencia, in the Roussillon
and in the Province, where it is known by the names Mallorquí, Xarnelo, Mayorquais,
Charnegue, Charnegui and Balearic Dog. Probably these dogs were brought to the islands by
the Phoenecians, Carthaginians and eventually also the Romans.
is a typical primitive and robust representative of one of the oldest still existing
breeds. Illustrations of these dogs are found in the graves of the Pharaohs and on objects
in museums, so that the existence of the breed can already be proved in the year 3400 BC.
PROPORTIONS: The distance from the tip of the muzzle to the eyes is equal to
that from the eyes to the occiput.
Seen as a whole, the long, fine head has the appearance of a cone cut off near its base;
completely dry, rather small in relation to body.
Skull: Long and flat
(dolichocephalic). Occipital bone protruding. Forehead fine and flat.
Nose: Nose leather
flesh-coloured. Nostrils open. Nasal bridge slightly arched.
Muzzle: Nasal bridge
and nose protrude over lower jaw; fine, long and according to colour of coat,
Lips: Thin, close
fitting bite, scissor bite, white and regular.
small, light amber colour, reminiscent of caramel colour. The amber colour can be more or
less intensive according to coat colour. Without seeming very noble, the expression shows
intelligence but also fear and mistrust.
Ears: Always stiff,
very mobile. Positioned forward, slightly horizontal or directed backwards. Upright when
dog is animated. The center of the ear set on is level with the eyes. The shape is that of
an elongated rhomboid, which has been cut off by a third of its long diagonal. They are
fine without hair on the inside of the ear opening; of medium, not exaggerated size.
NECK: Very dry, both
in its upper and lower part. Its length is a quarter the length of the body, slightly
arched and muscular. Skin is taut, smooth, without dewlap. Normally, the coat is longer
and denser in the region of the set on to the body, especially in the smooth variety.
BODY: Regarded as a
whole, the body is symmetric, slightly convex and of medium, even proportions, compact and
slightly longer than high, without the differences being laid down exactly.
defined, high, dry and long.
Back: Long, straight
and pliable. Muscles strong, yet flat.
Loins: Arched, of
medium breadth, strong and firm.
sloping with bone structure visible: it shows very strong, hard muscles.
Chest: Deep, narrow
and long, but not reaching to the elbows. Forechest pointed and strongly protruding. Ribs
Abdomen: Tucked up,
but not too much.
TAIL: Set on low;
there should be some longer and coarser, slightly offstanding hairs (like ears of grain)
towards the tip; long. When the tail is pulled through between the legs, it should reach
the spine. Slightly thicker at set on, gradually tapering towards the tip. Hanging
naturally in repose; in movement carried in sickle shape more or less tightly curved.
Preferably not carried upright or over back.
Vertical, symmetric. Seen from front, the position of the front legs is very close
together; altogether sturdy, with long limbs which give the impression of a slim, fast,
yet strong animal.
Slanting, strong and freely mobile.
Upper arm: Very
long, straight, strong and very close in position.
towards front pastern.
Elbow: Broad set
well apart from the body, parallel to the median plane of the body, but never loose.
Strong, firm, broad and well upright.
Vertical with long, strong, flat muscles.
angulated, broad, set low, vertical, turning neither out nor in.
FEET: Almost hare
foot. Toes long and close together. Profuse hair in space between toes; nails very strong
and normally white, according to coat colour. Pads very hard.
preferred movement is a suspended trot. Gallop is very fast and gives the impression of
SKIN: Taut, close
fitting to body; reddish pigment, but may be a different colour where coat colour differs.
HAIR: Smooth, rough
or long hair.
The smooth should not be silky, but
strong and shiny.
The rough should be hard and very
dense, somewhat shorter on head and ears and somewhat longer or rear of thighs and
underside of tail. A beard is highly valued.
Longhair is softer and should have at
least a length of 5 cm. The head is very densely coated.
are white and red, or entirely white or red. Fawn dogs are permitted, provided it is an
exceptionally good specimen; in smooth coats, however, this colour is not permitted.
||Dogs: 66 to 72 cm.
Bitches: 60 to 67 cm.
Without undue strictness, dogs which are
close to the required measurements can be accepted, provided they are well proportioned
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with
which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
- Head short and broad.
- Stop markedly pronounced.
- Missing of a premolar (pm).
- Drop ears.
- Barrel ribs.
- Elbows turned outwards.
- Cow hocks.
- Feet turned out.
- Crossing of feet and hocks in movement.
- Skull in the shape of a stair (plane of skull to high in
relation to nasal bridge).
- Brown pigment or black spots on nose leather.
- Any form of prognathism.
- Eyelids and lips: Reddish brown.
- Evidence of crossing with a "Galgo" or other form
- Folded ears.
- Dark eyes.
- Barely defined forechest.
- Front legs wide apart
- Croup broad.
- Thighs rounded and broad with visible veins.
N.B.: Male animals should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.